Bostwana dating

The Bangwaketse occupied areas to the west, while the Bangwato moved northeast into formerly Kalanga areas.The first written records relating to modern-day Botswana appear in 1824.Botswana is a member of the African Union, the Southern African Development Community, the Commonwealth of Nations, and the United Nations.The country has been among the hardest hit by the HIV/AIDS epidemic.Stone tools and fauna remains have shown that all areas of the country were inhabited at least 400,000 years ago.The original inhabitants of southern Africa were the Bushmen (San) and Khoi peoples.

The Bakwena, Bangwaketse, Bangwato and Batawana cooperated to control the lucrative ivory trade, and then used the proceeds to import horses and guns, which in turn enabled them to establish control over what is now Botswana.All these various peoples were connected to trade routes that ran via the Limpopo River to the Indian Ocean, and trade goods from Asia such as beads made their way to Botswana most likely in exchange for ivory, gold, and rhinoceros horn.The arrival of the ancestors of the Tswana-speakers who came to control the region has yet to be dated precisely.This equilibrium came to end during the Mfecane period, 1823–1843, when a succession of invading peoples from South Africa entered the country.Although the Bangwaketse were able to defeat the invading Bakololo in 1826, over time all the major chiefdoms in Botswana were attacked, weakened, and impoverished.

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This process was largely complete by 1880, and thus the Bushmen, the Kalanga, the Bakgalagadi, and other current minorities were subjugated by the Batswana.

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